Overview of Ritalin

Ritalin pillRitalin, Methylphenidate, is a psychostimulant drug that is prescribed for attention-deficit disorder (ADD), Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome and narcolepsy.

What Does Ritalin Treat?

  • Attention-deficit disorder
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)
  • Narcolepsy
  • (See What Ritalin Treats).

How Ritalin Works

Methylphenidate was first synthesized in 1944 and was identified as a stimulant in 1954. Beginning in the 1960s, it was used to treat children with ADHD or ADD, known at the time as hyperactivity or minimal brain dysfunction (MBD). Production and prescription of methylphenidate rose significantly in the 1990s, especially in the United States, as the ADHD diagnosis came to be better understood and more generally accepted within the medical and mental health communities.

It is the most commonly prescribed psychostimulant and works by increasing the activity of the central nervous system. It produces such effects as increasing or maintaining alertness, combating fatigue and improving attention. While the long-term effects of methylphenidate on the developing brain are unknown, Ritalin is not approved for children less than six years of age.

Ritalin Abuse

Abuse of Ritalin typically is associated with young people—preadolescents, teenagers and young adults. In fact, the University of Michigan’s Monitoring the Future Survey indicates that 4 percent of high school seniors in the United States abused the drug at least once in the past year.

Individuals who abuse Ritalin either swallow the tablets or crush them to produce a powder which is snorted. Some abusers dissolve the tablets in water and then inject the mixture. (See Ritalin Abuse Problem).

Common street names for Ritalin include:

  • Kibbles and bits
  • Kiddy cocaine
  • Pineapple
  • Skippy
  • Smarties
  • Vitamin R
  • West coast

Get Help for Ritalin Addiction

Determining when a person’s use of Ritalin moves from therapeutic to addictive is difficult to do especially if the person is a family member or friend. However, it is possible and we can help, so please call our toll free number today for Ritalin abuse help.  We are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have about Ritalin addiction treatment.  We are here to help. (See Ritalin Rehab Options).